Kruger park has more species of wildlife than any other game sanctuary in Africa — 130 species of mammals, 114 species of reptiles, 48 species of fish, 33 species of amphibians and 468 species of birds. The park is home to large populations of elephant (over 8,000), buffalo (over 25,000), Burchell’s zebra (over 25,000), greater kudu, giraffe, impala, white rhino, black rhino, hippopotamus, lion, leopard, cheetah, wild dog and spotted hyena, among others. Kruger’s 7,523 square miles (19,485 km2) make it nearly the size of the state of Massachusetts. The park is 55 miles (88 km) wide at its widest point and 220 miles (355 km) long. The fences separating the park and the Timbavati and Sabi Sand Reserves were taken down years ago, effectively increasing the size of the reserve by 15% and allowing the wildlife greater freedom of movement. However, the annual winter migration routes of antelope, zebra and various other species in search of water and better grazing are still cut off by fences. Several hundred windmills and artificial water holes have been constructed to provide the water that is so desperately needed in the dry season.
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